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  • “四害”对人类有哪些危害?
  • 本站编辑:杭州安欣除虫服务有限公司发布日期:2018-08-28 13:23 浏览次数:

什么是 “四害”?
What is "four pests"?
“四害”是指:苍蝇、蚊子、老鼠、蟑螂
"Four pests" refers to flies, mosquitoes, rats and cockroaches.
“四害”对人类有哪些危害?
What are the dangers of "four pests" to human beings?
1、老鼠
1. Mice
老鼠可以传播鼠疫、流行性出血热、钩端螺旋体病等多种疾病。要搞好环境卫生,减少老鼠的藏身之地;收藏好食品,减少老鼠对食物的污染。捕捉、杀灭老鼠可以用鼠夹、鼠笼、粘鼠板等捕鼠工具,还可以使用安全、高效的药物灭鼠。要注意灭鼠药的保管和使用方法,防止人畜中毒。
Rats can transmit plague, epidemic hemorrhagic fever, leptospirosis, and many other diseases. We should do a good job in environmental hygiene, reduce the hiding place of mice; collect good food, reduce the pollution of mice to food. Catching and killing mice can be used with rat traps, cages, sticky rat board and other tools, but also the use of safe and efficient drug rodent control. Attention should be paid to the storage and use of rodenticide to prevent human and animal poisoning.
2、蚊子
2. Mosquitoes
蚊子可以传播疟疾、乙脑、登革热等疾病。要搞好环境卫生,消除蚊子孳生地。根据情况选用纱门、纱窗、蚊帐、蚊香、杀虫剂等防蚊灭蚊用品,防止蚊子叮咬。
Mosquitoes can spread malaria, encephalitis, dengue fever and other diseases. We should do well in environmental hygiene and eliminate mosquito breeding grounds. According to the situation, screen doors, screens, mosquito nets, mosquito incense, insecticides and other mosquito control supplies to prevent mosquito bites.
3、蟑螂
3. Cockroaches
蟑螂可以传播痢疾、伤寒等多种疾病,其排泄物中的蛋白还可引起过敏性鼻炎和哮喘。蟑螂多生活在潮湿环境中,因此保持室内干燥、清洁,可以减少蟑螂的滋生。用餐后要将食物密闭存放,餐具用热水冲洗干净,炉灶等处保持清洁,及时清理地上及垃圾袋内的垃圾。可以使用药物或蟑螂粘板杀灭蟑螂。
Cockroaches can spread diseases such as dysentery and typhoid fever, and their excreta proteins can also cause allergic rhinitis and asthma. Most cockroaches live in humid environments, so keeping the room dry and clean can reduce the breeding of cockroaches. After the meal, keep the food in a sealed storage, wash the dishes with hot water, keep the stove clean, and clean the garbage on the ground and in the garbage bags in time. Cockroaches can be killed by using drugs or cockroach sticky boards.
4、苍蝇
4. Flies
苍蝇可以传播霍乱、痢疾、伤寒等疾病。控制苍蝇的有效方法是处理好苍蝇的孳生环境,如垃圾袋装化(袋子要完好不能破损,袋口要扎紧)、不乱丢垃圾,不随地大便、处理好宠物的粪便等。要注意保管好食物,防止苍蝇叮爬,以免感染疾病。杀灭苍蝇可以使用苍蝇拍、灭蝇灯、粘蝇纸(带、绳)等。
Flies can spread diseases such as cholera, dysentery, typhoid fever and so on. The effective way to control flies is to deal with the breeding environment of flies, such as garbage bagging (bags should be intact and unbreakable, bags should be tightly tied), not litter, do not defecate anywhere, handle pet excrement and so on. It is important to keep good food and prevent flies from crawling, so as not to infect diseases. Killing flies can use fly swatter, fly killing lamp, sticky fly paper (tape, rope) and so on.